PRÁTICAS ENXUTAS PARA O PROCESSO DE DESENVOLVIMENTO DE PRODUTOS

Guilherme Luz Tortorella, Diego de Castro Fettermann, Giuliano Almeida Marodin, Juliano Denicol, Flávio Fogliatto

Resumen


Desenvolvimento lean de produtos (DLP) é uma abordagem que compreende os princípios e práticas enxutas que visa reduzir o desperdício e melhorar a eficiência operacional ao longo de todo o fluxo de valor. Devido a isso, a capacidade de inovar, mudar e aprender continuamente é um elemento fundamental, de modo a minimizar os problemas de desenvolvimento de produtos. Várias técnicas de DLP são apresentadas na literatura como possíveis práticas para a implementação enxuta. No entanto, pouco se sabe sobre o impacto dessas práticas sobre os problemas relacionados com os processos de desenvolvimento de produtos. Assim, este artigo tem o objetivo de examinar o relacionamento entre cinco construtos de práticas de DLP e a frequência de ocorrência de onze construtos problemas em empresas que estão implementando o DLP. Além disso, a identificação das relações existentes entre os construtos de práticas enxutas e os problemas pode contribuir para especificar os contextos em que se espera que ocorram problemas. A amostra do estudo compreende sessenta e quatro empresas já submetidas à implementação lean tanto no chão de fábrica quanto na área administrativa. Os resultados indicam que os mesmos construtos de práticas, que são considerados como influentes para minimizar os problemas de DLP, apresentam intensidades diferentes de relacionamento entre eles.


Palabras clave


desenvolvimento lean; problemas; práticas

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